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中美贸易战的原因以及对于未来外贸业务展开的影响

发布:2019-11-26 15:03      点击:

中美贸易战的原因以及对于未来外贸业务展开的影响

美国中国外贸出口大国之一,因此中美贸易战对于中国的外贸企业受到的波及还是较大的,中美贸易战的原因是什么呢?未来阶段这种情况是否还会持续恶化?对于外贸企业的业务展开是否会带来更深远层面的影响呢?这也是当下很多国内外贸用户较为关心的话题,首先来了解一下,一些国际专家对于这一类型问题是怎样认知的。

世界五百强企业之一的RELIANCE INDUSTRIES销售部海外贸易负责人John Jones是这样评论的:“t is unfair to the United States and causes unemployment of many U. s.workers, because the media and trump themselves accept all the trade warfare at all, and because the United States cannot accept the trade surplus between China and the United States. Created a trade war. Trade fairness and surplus deficit are not related to trade surplus. China has never felt unfair because of trade deficits in many countries.”

从其评述中可以看到这样一个关键性的词汇,那就是贸易顺差问题,从这一影响可以看到此前阶段对于中国外贸企业而言,明显是不占据任何优势的,但是在后期阶段随着中国产品的出口量不断增加,美国自身的一些企业在产品销售时,由于其人工成本较高问题而导致国内的企业产品销售额度在不断降低,这就出现了负面影响,导致这一类型的企业在市场竞争中不占据任何优势,美国企业自然不希望这种类型问题发生,而美国政府又是以财团支持为核心的政府机构,因此这才有了中美贸易战问题。

著名法国经济学家阿尔弗雷亚站在美国现有经济体系状况问题对中美贸易战问题展开了评述:“I think that if the US cuts off the trade channels of Chinese companies, China will probably wake up with a smile in a dream: China is the largest trading country in more than 120 countries in the world (only 70s in the US), all of which are inextricably linked to trade with China, and China needs them to join China's cross-border RMB settlement system.If the US were to close the cross-border settlement system of Chinese dollar companies, Now many countries are very indignant at the fact that the US is using domestic laws to freeze the offices of commercial settlement of some companies and countries and is also building their own cross-border settlement systems.

这说明什么问题呢?该经济学家在美国现有经济体系以及其货币机制问题方面进行了深入的阐述,如果在中美外贸战争之中,美国在全方位都处于下风的状态下,会侧重考虑到切断中国外贸企业的贸易结算通道,出现这种状况之后就会导致中国的外贸针对美国的产品销售整体崩盘,但一旦出现这种问题就会出现杀敌八百自损一千的状况,对于美国自身而言得不偿失,一旦产生这种状况,中国就会要求美国加入人民币的跨境结算系统之中,最终在外贸领域中,美国更不占据主导优势,将会失去外贸主导话语权。

中美贸易战看似只是中美两国之间的问题,实际上中美贸易战对于欧洲以及亚太地区都造成了一定的影响,欧洲知名经济学者Laurence在2019年所发布的学术专著《The impact of Sino US trade war on Britain and Germany.》之中对于中美贸易战对于英国以及德国外贸产品销售所造成的影响进行了阐述,在其所撰写的这篇学术文章之中,选择了德国50家进出口外贸公司和法国的50家外贸进出口公司,对其产品销售数据以及在中美贸易战后的产品营业业绩、销售利润等进行了深层的分析,在分析中得出这样的结论“The launch of the trade war between Europe and the United States is extremely unfavorable to the United States, which not only causes its own enterprises to increase the sales price of the restricted products in the import and export trade, but also causes the sales of products in France, Germany and many other countries to be affected, involving the purchase of products from China can effectively reduce the local consumption level, the same type of clothing, clothing and hats And the price comparison of local production and foreign trade products, such as food, can be seen that the impact on foreign trade enterprises in the state of tariff increase is great, and this impact directly affects the local people's lives.”

从这位学者所做的调查之中可以看到,中美贸易战最终发展到最后,不仅美国本土会受到影响,涉及和中国外贸企业有业务展开的欧洲、美洲国家都会受到这一类型问题的波及,因此这位学者最终得出的结论是,中美贸易战对于美国所造成的负面影响要远大于中国,贸易战的时间持续越久,美国在这一问题中所会受到的负面影响也就会越大。

事实上得出相同结论的学者还有很多,中美贸易战展开中所波及的欧洲市场受到了严重的影响,特别是德国以及法国等诸多国家,虽然这一问题目前所造成的影响还是在可控范围之内,但如果美国依然持续进行不当举措,后期阶段欧洲的诸多国家以美洲的部分国家都会受到不可逆的严重影响,这也是各国经济学者纷纷谴责美国政府的关键原因。